印尼分分彩

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后疫情时代,能源安全理念亟待更新

2020/9/24 21:05:37       

 HOUYIQINGSHIDAIDEQUANQIUNENGYUANGEJUCHONGMANBUQUEDINGXING,POQIEXUYAOSHULIXINSIWEI、MOUHUAXINDUICE。JIANYIGEFANGXIESHOUSHICE,DAZAO“GONGYINGYUXUQIUSHUANGXIANGANQUANTIXI”,SHUJIE“NENGYUANANQUANCHUANDAOYALI”,DAJIANQUANQIUNENGYUANANQUANBAOZHANGHEZUOJIZHI。

印尼分分彩  JINNIANYILAI,XINGUANFEIYANYIQINGDEBAOFAJIMANYANDUIGUOJISHIYOUSHICHANGZAOCHENGJIDACHONGJI。YOUYUSHIYOUXIAOFEIXUQIUSHOUDAOYIZHI,ZHUYAOCHANYOUGUOZHIJIANFEILIXINGBOYI,WEINENGJISHIDACHENGSHENHUAJIANCHANXIEYI,SHIGONGJICECHANLIANGYANZHONGGUOSHENG,YINFAYOUKUBAOMAN、YOULUNQUJIN、YOUJIADUANYASHIXIADIE,SHENZHIWTIYUANYOUQIHUOHEYUEJIAGECHUXIANFUZHI。JINQI,SUIZHEZHONGGUOJIBUFENGUOJIA、DIQUDEYIQINGXINGSHIYOUSUOHAOZHUAN,SHIYOUXIAOFEIXUQIUMINGXIANHUISHENG,JIAZHIOUPEIKECHANYOUGUOYUELUOSIDENGFEIOUPEIKECHANYOUGUOJIANCHANXIEYISHENGXIAO,YOUJIAKAISHIZOUCHUCHAODI“YINYING”。KAOLVDAOQUANQIUXINGUANFEIYANYIQINGWEILAIKENENGCHUXIANFANFU,YOUFASHICHANGPINFAN“ZANTING”HE“ZHONGQI”,GUOJIYOUJIAJIANGJINRUYIGEJIAOZHANGDEDAFUBODONGZHOUQI,NENGYUANCHANYELIAN、GONGYINGLIANDEWENDINGXINGHEANQUANXINGMIANLINYANJUNTIAOZHAN。DANGJINSHIJIEZHENGJINGLIBAINIANWEIYOUZHIDABIANJU,HOUYIQINGSHIDAIDEQUANQIUNENGYUANDABIANJUCHONGMANBUQUEDINGXING,POQIEXUYAOSHULIXINSIWEI、MOUHUAXINDUICE。

  以全球视野和世界眼光,打造“供应与需求双向能源安全体系”

印尼分分彩  JINNIANLAI,QUANQIUNENGYUANZHUANXINGCHIXUJIAKUAI,GELEIXINNENGYUANJIASUFAZHAN,DANZHIJINHAIMEIYOUNAYIZHONGNENGYUANNENGGOUZHENZHENGTIDAISHIYOUDEZHANLVEDIWEI。ZAISHIJIEYICINENGYUANXIAOFEIJIEGOUZHONG,SHIYOUZHANBIRENGCHAO32%,QUANQIUNENGYUANANQUANDEHEXINZHUYAOJUJIAOZAISHIYOUWENTISHANG。YOUYUQUANQIUSHIYOUZIYUANHEXIAOFEIQUYUFENBUYANZHONGBUJUN,XUYAOZAIQUANQIUFANWEINEIJINXINGZIYUANPEIZHI,SHISHIYOUCHENGWEIGUOJIHUACHENGDUZUIGAODEDAZONGSHANGPINZHIYI。DANFANSHIYOUWENTI,YOUBIRANSHIGUOJIWENTI。

  据权威数据,全球常规石油资源的70%以上集中在中东、北美、中亚—俄罗斯三大地区,全球石油消费量的50%以上需要通过贸易解决。2019年,世界石油产量中,中东约占32%、北美约占25%、中亚—俄罗斯约占16%;世界石油出口总量中,中东约占40%、北美约占17%、中亚—俄罗斯约占11%;世界石油进口量中,亚太地区占近50%,主要流向中国、印度和日本、韩国等。美国、沙特、俄罗斯是世界前三大主要产油国,分别约占16%、13%、12%,合计为41%;中国、美国、印度是世界前三大进口国,分别占22%、14%和10%,合计为46%。世界主要油气生产大国的经济发展高度依赖油气出口,如俄罗斯的油气收入占GDP的25%、国民总收入的40%、出口总额的50%,沙特的石油收入占GDP的40%、财政收入的80%、外汇收入的90%以上。尽管两国都一直致力于推动经济多元化,但在可预见的未来,油气依然是他们财政收入的主要来源。

  XIANRAN,QUANQIUJUEDADUOSHUGUOJIADOUBUKENENGWANQUANYIKAOZIJIDELILIANGHUODENENGYUANANQUANBAOZHANG。SHANGSHIJI70NIANDAIDELIANGCIZHONGDONGSHIYOUWEIJI,YINQISHIJIEZHUYAOFADAGUOJIA、SHIYOUXIAOFEIGUODUISHIYOUGONGYINGANQUANDEGAODUZHONGSHI,DALIFAZHANNENGYUANGUOJIHUA、DUOYUANHUA,JIANLIWENDINGDEGONGYINGLAIYUANHEZHANLVESHIYOUCHUBEIZHIDU,TUCHUYIWENDINGSHIYOUGONGYINGHEJIAGEWEIZHONGXINDENENGYUANANQUANZHANLVE;HOULAI,SUIZHESHIJIENENGYUANGEJUDEDIAOZHENG,YUELAIYUEDUODECHANYOUGUOKAISHIGUANZHUSHIYOUXUQIUANQUAN,BUDUANXIANGXIAYOUCHANYELIAN、XIAOFEISHICHANGJIXIAOSHOUWANGLUOYANSHEN,TUCHUYIWENDINGSHIYOUCHUKOUHESHOURUWEIZHONGXINDEZHANLVE,BINGYOUCITUIDONGGUOJISHICHANGGONGYINGYUXUQIUZHIJIANZONGTICHUYUJINPINGHENGZHUANGTAI。GONGXULIANGCEDERENHEFENGCHUICAODONG,DOUKENENGDAPOPINGHENG,YINFAKONGHUANGXINGFANGDAXIAOYING,SHIYOUJIADAFUSHANGZHANGHUOXIADIE。

  CICIXINGUANFEIYANYIQINGDIEJIAYOUJIADAFUDUXIADIE,ZHUYAOSHIYINGEZHONG“GELI”“FENGBI”CUOSHIZAOCHENGJIAOTONGCHUXING“TINGBAI”,DAOZHIGANGXINGXUQIUSHICHANG“BENGTA”。YUGUOQUNEIZHONGYINGONGYINGBUZUSHENZHIZHONGDUANZAOCHENGDEZHENGXIANGCHONGJIXIANGBI,ZHEIZHONGLAIZIXUQIUYANZHONGWEISUODENIXIANGCHONGJIGENGJIEJINJINGJISHUAITUIHUOXIAOTIAODETEZHENG,YEGENGJUPOHUAIXING,JIANGSHENKEYINGXIANGQUANQIUNENGYUANANQUANGEJU。HOUYIQINGSHIDAIDEQUANQIUNENGYUANANQUANJIANGSHIHANGAIGONGYING、XUQIU、JIAGE、YUNSHU、HUANJINGDENGDUOZHONGFENGXIANYAOSUZAINEIDEZONGHEXINGANQUAN,XUGEFANGXIESHOUSHICE,DAZAO“GONGYINGYUXUQIUSHUANGXIANGANQUANTIXI”。

  正视行业“钟摆效应”,做好“逆周期能源安全布局”

印尼分分彩  HUIGULISHI,GUOJIYOUQILINGYUCUNZAIZHEZHOUERFUSHI、XUNHUANWANGFUDE“ZHONGBAIXIAOYING”,ZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEIYOUQIJIAGEDEZHANGDIEJITOUZIGUIMO、YOUQICHANLIANGDENGDEZENGJIAN。YOUYUYOUQIXIANGMUTONGCHANGTOUZIGUIMODA、JIANSHEZHOUQIZHANG,YOUQITIAN“GUANJING”“JIANCHAN”“TINGCHAN”“FUCHAN”DENGJISHUNANDUDA,ERYOUQISHICHANGDEXUQIUJIAGEDANXINGYOUXIANGDUIJIAOXIAO,YINGXIANGJIAGEDEFEIJINGJIYINSUJIAODUO,GEZHONGLILIANGBOYIJIAOLIANG,SHI“ZHONGBAI”GUOCHENGCHONGMANBUQUEDINGXING、BUWENDINGXING。

  今年以来的这一轮低油价,导火索是新冠肺炎疫情,实质上则源于上一轮高油价刺激下的油气投资热,加上不断出现的新技术,特别是页岩油气革命、深水资源的成功开发等,使全球石油和天然气的产量在不到10年时间内增长了13%和60%。在带动世界油气行业繁荣的同时,也使全球年均原油产量相对需求过剩了约100-200万桶/日。2017年初,欧佩克+联盟开始执行减产协议,执行力度很大,但依然难以抵过美国页岩油的井喷式增长。有资料显示,与减产前的2016年相比,2019年欧佩克原油产量累计减少240万桶/日,而同期美国石油产量提高了470万桶/日,世界石油市场的供应过剩局面没有实质性改变。

印尼分分彩  XINGUANFEIYANYIQINGDUISHIYOUSHICHANGHEYOUJIADECHONGJI,JISHUYU“HEITIANESHIJIAN”,YEKECHENGZHIWEI“HUIXINIUSHIJIAN”。HUANJUHUASHUO,JIBIANMEIYOUXINGUANFEIYANYIQING,SHIYOUSHICHANGYEKENENGHUIJINRUGONGXUGUANXIDIAOZHENGQI,ZHISHIXINGUANFEIYANYIQINGTURANJIASULEZHEIYIJINCHENG,ERYOUJIAXIADIEGENBENCHABUZHUSHICHANGXUQIULIANGDEDAFURUIJIAN,BUDEBUKAOGONGJICEDEDAFUJIANCHAN。ZAISHICHANGDAOBIHEZHENGFUGANYUXIA,QUANQIUSHIYOUCHANLIANGHEGONGYINGLIANGJIANSHAOLEJIN20%,JIBENJIEJINXUQIULIANGDEXIAJIANGSHUIPING,CAISHIYOUJIAJIANNANZHIDIEHUISHENG。

  但是,必须看到,由于产油国的石油出口和财政收入锐减,再投入能力下降,石油公司的收入、利润也大幅度下降,甚至出现大面积亏损,纷纷削减投资预算,关闭一批高成本项目,暂停一批战略性项目。有资料显示,今年以来,全球油气上游投资预算已削减30%,未来3-5年的投资可能继续缩减。考虑到大中型油气项目的投资周期通常需要2-3年,在后疫情时代的2025年前后,全球很可能出现油气市场供不应求的局面。即便是供需总量能够基本平衡,也不排除可能出现结构性余缺、区域性供应趋紧的情况。所谓“每一轮低油价都会为下一轮涨价播下‘种子’”,我们需要立足全局、登高望远,提早谋划逆周期的能源安全布局。

  预防风险“叠加效应”,纾解“能源安全传导压力”

  XINGUANFEIYANYIQINGDIEJIAYOUJIAXIADIE,DUIYOUQISHANGXIAYOUCHANYELIAN、QUANQIUGONGYINGLIANCHANSHENGLIANSUOFANYING,BINGJIANGFENGXIANCHUANDAODAOXIANGGUANLINGYU。ZAISHIJIEGEGUOCHIXUJIAMADEJINGJICIJIZHENGCEZHONG,XUDUOJUCUOZHIJIEHUOJIANJIEYUNENGYUANXIANGGUAN,SHUJIECHANYELIAN、GONGYINGLIANDECHUANDAOYALIHEDIEJIAFENGXIAN。

印尼分分彩  SHOUXIAN,YAOJIANLIDUONENGHUBUXIETONGFAZHANJIZHI。QUANQIUNENGYUANXIANGQINGJIE、DITANFANGXIANGZHUANXINGSHIDASHISUOQU,DANYEBUKENENGYICUERJIU。ZAIGUOQU10NIANLI,QUANQIUKEZAISHENGNENGYUANLINGYUDETOUZICHIXUZENGZHANG,ERQIEFENGDIAN、GUANGFUFADIANDECHENGBENYIJIEJINCHUANTONGHUODIANSHUIPING。YOUQIXINGYESHICANYUKEZAISHENGNENGYUANTOUZIDEYIZHIZHONGYAOLILIANG,QUANQIUZHUYAODASHIYOUGONGSIDUIKEZAISHENGNENGYUANYEWUDETOURUYIDADAONIANTOUZIYUSUANDEJIN10%。CHAODIYOUJIABUJINHUIYINGXIANGKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDECHIXUTOUZI,YEKENENGJIYAXINNENGYUANDETUIGUANGLIYONGKONGJIAN,SHINENGYUANZHUANXINGXINGSHIBIANDEGENGJIAFUZA。ZAIJINHOUYIGEXIANGDUIJIAOZHANGDENENGYUANZHUANXINGQINEI,HUASHINENGYUANDEQINGJIEHUALIYONGYUXINNENGYUANDEKUAISUFAZHANJIANGXIANGXIANGERXING,XUYAOJIANLIWANSHANDUONENGHUBUDEXIETONGANQUANBAOZHANGJIZHI。

印尼分分彩  QICI,YAOQIANGHUANENGYUANJINRONGFENGXIANYUJINGFANGKONGJIZHI。QUANQIUYOUQICHANYEDEBEIHOUSHIPANGDADEJINRONGZIBENHEZHAIWULIAN,YOUQIZAIMEIGUODEYEYANYOUQILINGYU,DAPIZHONGXIAOSHENGCHANSHANGZHUYAOYIKAOGEZHONGFENGXIANTOUZI、JINRONGZHAIQUANDEZHICHENG。JUGONGKAIZILIAO,MUQIANMEIGUONENGYUANXINGYEQIYEZHAICUNLIANGGUIMOYICHAO8000YIMEIYUAN,QIZHONG97%YISHANGYUYOUQIQIYEZHAIWUYOUGUAN。LISHISHANGDEDUOCIYOUJIABAODIE,DOUCENGDAOZHIDAGUIMONENGYUANQIYEPOCHAN、ZHAIWUWEIYUE。YOUJIACHIXUDIWEIHUODAFUBODONGHENKENENGDAOZHIZHAIWULIANDUANLIE,SHENZHIYINFAJINRONGWEIJI,XUYAOJIANLIWANSHANNENGYUANJINRONGFENGXIANYUJINGFANGKONGJIZHI。

印尼分分彩  ZAICI,YAOWANSHANNENGYUANJIAGEXINGCHENGHEDIAOJIEJIZHI。GUOJIYOUJIAYUGUJIA、HUISHIYIJIHUANGJIN、QITADAZONGSHANGPINSHICHANGDENGGUANLIANMIQIE。QUANQIUGELEICHANYELIANJIHUDOUYUNENGYUAN、ZIBENSHICHANGGUAGOU,SHICHANGGONGXUBUWEN、YOUJIADAFUBODONG,DOUHUIDAOZHIZIBENSHICHANGWENLUAN,JINERYINGXIANGSHITICHANYELIANDEZHENGCHANGYUNXING,TONGSHIYEJIANGZHIJIEYINGXIANGSHUCHUGUOYUSHURUGUODECAIZHENGYUSUAN、JINGJIHUIFUJIHUADENG。DUIYUXIANGWOGUOZHEIYANGDESHIYOUJINGJINKOUDAGUO,YOUJIAXIADIEKEYIJIANGDIJINKOUCHENGBENJIXIAYOUSHENGCHANCHENGBEN,DANRUGUOYINFAQITAGONGYEPINJIAGETONGBUXIADIE,JIUKENENGJIAJUTONGSUOYUQI,SHIJIANGXI、JIANSHUIDEJINGJICIJIZHENGCEXIAOGUODAZHE,XUYAOJIANLIWANSHANNENGYUANJIAGEXINGCHENGJILVBODIAOJIEJIZHI。

  加强各国互信互助,搭建全球能源安全保障合作机制

印尼分分彩  MUQIAN,GUOJINENGYUANSHICHANGSHANGDEBEIGUAN、KONGHUANGQINGXUYIRANZHANJUSHANGFENG,DUIWEILAIDESHICHANGHUIFU、JINGJIFUSUYIJICHANYELIAN、GONGYINGLIANANQUANQUEFAXINXIN。JIAQIANGGUOJIHEZUO,WANSHANNENGYUANZHILI,WENDINGSHICHANGYUQIHEYOUJIA,YOULIYUWANSHANMIANXIANGWEILAIDEQUANQIUNENGYUANANQUANTIXI。

印尼分分彩  YIYAOSHENHUANENGYUANLINGYUQUANCHANYELIANDEGUOJIHEZUO。HOUYIQINGSHIDAIDEQUANQIUNENGYUANCHANYELIAN、GONGYINGLIANGEJUJIANGFASHENGYIXILIEZHONGDABIANHUA,NENGYUANSHENGCHANGUO、XIAOFEIGUOJIGUOJIZUZHIZHIJIANYINGJIAQIANGCUOSHANGGOUTONG,ZENGQIANGZHENGZHIHUXIN、JINGJIHUZHUJIZHENGCEXIEDIAO,KUODACONGSHANGYOUZIYUANKAIFADAOXIAYOUJIAGONGXIAOSHOUDEQUANCHANYELIANHEZUO,GONGTONGWEIHUNENGYUANSHICHANGWENDINGBINGJIANLILIANHEYINGJIJIZHI,CUJINNENGYUANGONGYINGYUXUQIUGUANXIDEJIBENJUNHENG,NULIZUODAONENGYUANGONGYINGDEKECHIXU、XUQIUDEKEMANZU、JIAGEDEKECHENGSHOU。

印尼分分彩  ERYAOJIAQIANGNENGYUANLINGYUJISHUCHUANGXINDEGUOJIXIEZUO。TUIDONGNENGYUANZHUANXINGDEGUANJIANSHIJISHUGEMING,XINGUANFEIYANYIQINGJINYIBUJIAKUAILENENGYUANLINGYUDESHUZIHUA、ZHINENGHUAZHUANXINGSHENGJIBUFA。WULUNSHICHUANTONGHUASHINENGYUANQINGJIEGAOXIAOLIYONGJISHU,HAISHIGELEIXINNENGYUAN、KEZAISHENGNENGYUANKAIFAJISHU,YIJITIGAONENGXIAOHEJIANPAIJISHU,DOUYINGJIAQIANGYANFACHUANGXINJICHENGGUOTUIGUANGDEGUOJIHEZUO。SHIJIEGEGUOYINGZHANZAIQUANQIUNENGYUAN、ZIYUAN、HUANJINGKECHIXUFAZHANDEGAODU,DAPOJISHUBILEIHEFENGSUO,SHIGENGDUOGUOJIAHERENMINNENGGOUCONGJISHUJINBUZHONGSHOUYI。

印尼分分彩  SANYAOYINGZAOYOULIYUNENGYUANANQUANWENDINGDEGUOJIHUANJING。NENGYUANWENTISHEJIGUOJIDIYUANZHENGZHIHEANQUAN,XUYAOTONGGUONENGYUANWAIJIAOWENDINGDIQUJUSHI、PINGHENGGEFANGLIYI,BIMIANDONGZHEFADONG“SHIYOUZHANZHENG”。HOUYIQINGSHIDAIKENENGDAOZHINIQUANQIUHUA、DANBIANZHUYI、BENTUZHUYI、BAOHUZHUYIDENGXIANXIANGTAITOU,XUYAOGENGHAODIFAHUINENGYUANWAIJIAOZUOYONG,ZHILIYUBAOCHIGUOJINENGYUANMAOYIZHENGCHANGZHIXU,QUEBAOQUANQIUNENGYUANTONGDAOANQUANCHANGTONG,TUIDONGXINGCHENGZHANGQIWENDINGDESHIJIENENGYUANSHENGCHAN、YUNSHU、XIAOFEIGEJU。(ZUOZHE:ZHONGGUOSHIYOUJINGJIJISHUYANJIUYUANFUYUANZHANG LVJIANZHONG)


印尼分分彩

MEITANWANGBANQUANYUMIANZESHENGMING:

FANBENWANGZHUMING"LAIYUAN:MEITANWANGybpfbyy.com "DESUOYOUWENZI、TUPIANHEYINSHIPINGAOJIAN,BANQUANJUNWEI"MEITANWANGybpfbyy.com "DUJIASUOYOU,RENHEMEITI、WANGZHANHUOGERENZAIZHUANZAISHIYONGSHIBIXUZHUMING"LAIYUAN:MEITANWANGybpfbyy.com ",WEIFANZHEBENWANGJIANGYIFAZHUIJIUZEREN。

印尼分分彩BENWANGZHUANZAIBINGZHUMINGQITALAIYUANDEGAOJIAN,SHIBENZHEWEIDUZHECHUANDIGENGDUOXINXIDEMUDE,BINGBUYIWEIZHEBENWANGZANTONGQIGUANDIANHUOZHENGSHIQINEIRONGDEZHENSHIXING。QITAMEITI、WANGZHANHUOGERENCONGBENWANGZHUANZAISHIYONGSHI,BIXUBAOLIUBENWANGZHUMINGDEGAOJIANLAIYUAN,JINZHISHANZICUANGAIGAOJIANLAIYUAN,BINGZIFUBANQUANDENGFALVZEREN。WEIFANZHEBENWANGYEJIANGYIFAZHUIJIUZEREN。 RUBENWANGZHUANZAIGAOJIANSHEJIBANQUANDENGWENTI,QINGZUOZHEZAILIANGZHOUNEIJINKUAILAIDIANHUOLAIHANLIANXI。

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印尼分分彩


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